Core Team

The CORE Project unites almost 30 scholars from Latin America and beyond, and covers 16 different jurisdictions, including the Inter-American Court of Human Rights and the Commonwealth Caribbean region, with the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council and the Caribbean Court of Justice

Carlos Meléndez

Carlos Meléndez holds a Ph.D. in Political Science from University of Notre Dame (Indiana, United States). He is an associate researcher at Instituto de Ciencias Sociales de la Universidad Diego Portales (Chile). His main research interests are: partisanships and political parties in Latin America, clientelism and political coercion, and political reform. Part of his work has been published in American Journal of Political Science, Party Politics, Journal of Politics in Latin America, among others.

Johanna Fröhlich (Principal Investigator)

Johanna Fröhlich is professor of law and serves as director of the Institute for Legal Research at the Law School of the University San Francisco de Quito, Ecuador. She teaches legal reasoning and comparative constitutional law among others. She holds an LL.M. from the University of Notre Dame, IN, USA and a Ph.D. in Law from the Pázmány Péter Catholic University, Hungary. She is the Principal Investigator of the CORE Project on Constitutional Reasoning in Latin America.

Sebastián Umpiérrez

Sebastián Umpiérrez is a PhD student in Political Science at the Universidad Diego Portales (Chile). He is a Visiting Professor at the Universidad Casa Grande (Ecuador). His main research areas are electoral studies, legislative politics and transnational migration. He has recently published in Latin American Politics and Society, Canadian Journal of Latin American and the Caribbean Studies, and the Interdisciplinary Journal of Human Mobility. 

Marie-Christine Fuchs

Marie-Christine Fuchs is a German lawyer (Rechtsanwältin, Berlin). Doctor in Law (Ph.D in Law) from Saarland University of Saarbrücken, Germany. She holds a masters’ degree (LL.M.) in International Public Law, Law of the European Union and Human Rights from the Europainstitut of the aforementioned university and a bachelor degree in French law. For several years she worked as a reseach assistent at Max Planck Institute for comparative and international Private Law in Hamburg, Germany and as an attorney in the international law firm Freshfields Bruckhaus Deringer in Berlin, Germany. Since 2016 she is directing the Rule of Law Programme for Latin America of Konrad Adenauer Foundation in Bogotá, Colombia. She is the author of various publications in International Public Law and Human Rights’ Law.

María José Garcia

María José Garcia Ascolani is professor of human rights and international contracting, and she is currently serving as Director of the Legal Studies at the Universidad Autónoma de Asunción. She graduated in Law from the National University of Asunción (2008) and has a Master degree in International Protection of Human Rights from the University of Alcalá de Henares, Spain (2013). She is member of the Latin American Institute of the Ombudsman, President of the Association of Bioethical Studies of Paraguay and Vice President of Graduate Women chapter of the Graduate Women International in Paraguay. She is also specialist in mediation, bioethics and protection of the rights of the children and the family.

Jorge Ernesto Roa Roa

Jorge Ernesto Roa Roa is a full Professor and researcher at Externado from Colombia University. Doctor in Law summa cum laude (Ph.D. in Law) from the Pompeu Fabra University of Barcelona. He has a masters’ degrees (LL.M.) in Governance and Human Rights from the Autonomous University of Madrid and in Advanced Legal Sciences from the Pompeu Fabra University of Barcelona. He has been a visiting researcher at the University of Trento (Italy) and the Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law (Germany). He obtained the Cádiz Constitution Award (2012) for research in Constitutional Law conferred by the Ministry of Education of Spain and the Higher Council for Scientific Research.

Ariana Macaya

Ariana Macaya holds a PhD in Law at the Paris 1 University Panthéon Sorbonne. She received the War and Peace Institute’s award from the Paris 1 University Panthéon Sorbonne and the Souvenir Français’ Association. She also received the award from Fundación Varenne in 2015. Ariana has been a Professor of Constitutional Law for undergraduate school and a Professor of Territorial Collectivities and Constitutional Procedural Law for graduate school at Paris 1 University. She’s currently a Professor of Introduction to Law, Research Methods and Public International Law for graduate school and Professor of Human Rights International Protection for graduate school at Universidad de Costa Rica. She has collaborated in articles for French legal reviews, such as Les Petites Affiches, La Semaine Juridique and Constitutions.

Ariana is a researcher. Member of the Grupo de Pesquisa Social Desarrollo y Sustentabilidad Socio-ambiental (GPDS), of the JUST-Side (Cyted) network, and of the the CALAS-CIHAC project. Investigator of Estado de la Justica from the Estado de la Nación del Consejo Nacional de Rectores’ project. She is also a member of the Constitutional Law French Association and of the International Society of Public Law (Icon-S). 

Carlos Arturo Villagrán

Carlos Arturo Villagrán Sandoval is a PhD Candidate at Melbourne Law School, holds a Master in Public and International Law from the Melbourne Law School and Licentiate in Juridical and Social Sciences from Universidad Rafael Landívar of Guatemala. His doctoral thesis considers Comparative Regional Integration with particular emphasis on Central-America. During his candidature, he published on topics related to constitutionalism, human rights, and international law. He has also presented in panels at various regional and international conferences. 

Before commencing his PhD, he was Human Rights Adviser and State Council for the Guatemalan Government within the Project of Historical Memory and Human Rights for Peace of the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). More recently, Carlos Arturo has litigated at the Guatemalan Constitutional Court, advised human rights groups, and drafted reports for international organizations on matters relating to foreign affairs, rule of law and the protection of human rights in Guatemala. 

Irene Spigno

Irene Spigno, PhD, is Director of the Center for Comparative Constitutional Studies at the Inter-American Academy of Human Rights from the Autonomous University of Coahuila, Mexico, and Doctor in Research on Comparative Constitutional Law at the University of Siena, Italy. 

Dr. Spigno is lecturer of Constitutional Law, Human Rights, International Law, and Comparative Constitutional Law. Her research approach and teaching activities abroad include, among other, Australia, Canada, Mexico, Germany, Namibia, South Africa, Spain and the United Kingdom. 

She belongs to the National System of Researchers of Mexico, at First Level. Her lines of research include freedom of expression, particularly hate speech, political freedoms, constitutional justice and multiculturalism in a comparative perspective.

She has participated as speaker in several international conferences in Mexico, Australia, Brazil, United Kingdom, Canada, Norway, Spain and Italy, and currently is involved in several research projects on human rights, political involvement and democracy, and Comparative Constitutional Law. 

Sergio Verdugo

Sergio Verdugo (JSD, LLM, LLB) is an Associate Professor of Law at Universidad del Desarrollo, Chile. He teaches Constitutional Law and Comparative Law, and he is a researcher of the ‘Centro de Justicia Constitucional.’ His research interests include constitutional theory, the politics of constitutional courts, comparative constitutional law, comparative politics and constitutionalism in Latin America.

Raul Sanchez-Urribarri

Raul Sanchez Urribarri (PhD, LLM) is a Lecturer in Crime, Justice and Legal Studies at the Department of Social Inquiry, La Trobe University (Melbourne, Australia).  His research focuses on democracy, rule of law and comparative judicial studies, with an emphasis on Latin America and Venezuela in particular.  His work has been published in journals such as The Journal of PoliticsLaw and Social Inquiry, the Annual Review of Law and Social Sciences, edited volumes and other outlets.  His main project involves assessing the politicisation of the Venezuelan Supreme Court in comparative perspective, and its role in the country’s democratic deterioration. 

Cristián Villalonga Torrijo

Cristián Villalonga is Assistant Professor at the Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile School of Law, where he teaches and researches in law and politics, legal history and legal theory. He holds a law degree bestowed by the same university and an LL.M. and a Ph.D. in Jurisprudence and Social Policy by the University of California at Berkeley. Professor Villalonga has received the John Paul II Foundation, Fulbright, and the National Scientific Commission scholarships. His research interests are focused on the legal profession and higher courts with particular focus on Latin America.

Andrea Castagnola

Andrea Castagnola is Adjunct Professor at Universidad Torcuato Di Tella (Argentina). She holds a Ph.D. in Political Science from University of Pittsburgh and had teaching and research positions in several research universities including: FLACSO (Mexico), Hertie School of Governance (Germany) and University of Bergen (Norway). Her research focuses on democracy, judicial politics, transparency and anti-corruption. Her work has been published in journals such as Journal of Politics, Journal of Politics in Latin America, Política y Gobierno publishing houses as Cambridge University Press and Routledge. His is also consultant for the World Bank and Inter American Development Bank on transparency, democracy and open government.

Lidia Castillo

Lidia Patricia Castillo Amaya is currently Intendant of Investigations and Enforcement of the Superintendence of Competition in El Salvador. She is a lawyer from José Matías Delgado University and an authorized notary to practice in El Salvador since 2004. She has a PhD. in Public Law from the University of Bari (Italy – 2013). She has experience as a parliamentary legal adviser in constitutional matters for the Legislative Commissions of Justice and Human Rights; and of External Relations and Regional Integration, of the Salvadoran Legislative Assembly. She is an assistant researcher in the area of Comparative Constitutional Law at the Euro-American Research Center on Constitutional Policies (CEDEUAM) of the University of Salento (Italy) and at the Center for Latin American Studies at the University of Bologna (Italy). She has been a postdoctoral researcher at the Federal University of Santa Catarina (Brazil) and a researcher at the Universities Francisco Gavidia and José Matías Delgado (both from El Salvador). She has worked as an External Lecturer in postgraduate courses in the Law Department of the Federal University of Santa Catarina (Brazil) and in the Masters of Constitutional and Administrative Law at the José Matías Delgado University (El Salvador). She is the author of several academic articles in international journals of constitutional law.

Roberto Niembro Ortega

Roberto Niembro Ortega teaches Constitutional Law at the ITAM and is currently General Director of Institutional Relations at the Mexican Supreme Court of Justice. He is also the co-chair of the Mexican Chapter of the ICON-S.

He received his Ph.D. from the Universidad Complutense de Madrid (with distinction CUM LAUDE and he is a CONACYT Scholar).He holds an LL.M. from NYU (Hauser Global Scholar) as well.

He is the author of Conceptualizing authoritarian constitutionalism (VRÜ 2016) and co-authored with Micaela Alterio Constitutional Culture and Democracy in Mexico. A critical view of the 100-YEAR-OLD Mexican Constitution in Constitutional democracy in crisis? (Oxford University Press 2018, eds. Graber, Levinson and Tushnet).

He is the co-editor of Jurisprudencia del Tribunal Constitucional Español (Porrúa 2012 with Luis Pomed and Luis Alberto Trejo), Constitucionalismo Popular en Latinoamérica (Porrúa 2014 with Micaela Alterio), Constitucionalismo progresista: Retos y perspectivas. Un homenaje a Mark Tushnet (IIJ-UNAM 2016 with Roberto Gargarella), La Suprema Corte y el matrimonio igualitario en México (IIJ-UNAM 2017 with Micaela Alterio), and the forthcoming paper Diez sentencias emblemáticas de la Suprema Corte (IIJ-UNAM with Pedro Salazar and Carlos Alonso).

Abraham Siles

Abraham Siles is a lawyer and magister in Constitutional Law, Professor of Constitutional Law at the Pontifical Catholic University of Peru (PUCP), coordinator of the Research Group on Constitutional Law and Fundamental Rights (GIDCYDEF), general editor of the journal Derecho PUCP.

Pablo González Dominguez

Pablo González Domínguez. J.S.D. in International Human Rights Law, University of Notre Dame. LL.M. in International Legal Studies, Georgetown University. LL.B. Universidad Panamericana (Mexico). Staff Attorney at the Inter-American Court of Human Rights. Lecturer on human rights at Universidad Panamericana. Recent works include the book “The doctrine of conventionality control. Between uniformity and legal pluralism in the Inter-American Human Rights System” (Intersentia, 2018).

Derek O’Brien

Derek O’Brien is currently a senior lecturer at the Truman Bodden Law School in the Cayman Islands. He was formerly a Reader in Public Law at Oxford Brookes University.  He is the author of a monograph on the Constitutional Systems of the Commonwealth Caribbean (Hart Publishing) and has written numerous journal articles and blog pieces on Commonwealth Caribbean constitutional issues. 

Anna Luisa Walter de Santana

Anna Luisa Walter de Santana is a visiting researcher at Universidad de Los Andes, Colombia (aug. 2018 to feb. 2019). PhD at Law – Pontifical Catholic University of Paraná, Brazil (2016 – at present). Master at Law – Pontifical Catholic University of São Paulo, Brazil (2008). Member of the Global Business and Human Rights Scholars Association. 

Pier Paolo Pigozzi

Pier Paolo Pigozzi is a Professor of Law at Universidad San Francisco de Quito. He received his LL.B. at Pontificia Universidad Católica del Ecuador, and his LL.M. and J.S.D. in International Human Rights Law at Notre Dame Law School. His areas of academic interest are the constitutional tradition in Latin America, sources and interpretation of Public International Law and the foundations of International Law of Human Rights.

Conrado Hübner Mendes

Conrado Hübner Mendes is a Professor of Constitutional Law at the University of São Paulo Faculty of Law, PhD in Law at the University of Edinburgh, PhD in Political Science at the University of São Paulo. Among his publications, has published the book «Constitutional Courts and Deliberative Democracy» (OUP, 2014).

Magdalena Ines Correa Henao

Magdalena Correa is a reacher and researcher of the Constitutional Law Department. Lawyer and Specialist in Administrative Law of the Externado University of Colombia, Constitutional Law and Political Science of the Center for Political and Constitutional Studies of Madrid; Master in Administration and Public Management of the University of Antwerp; PhD in Law of the Charles III University of Madrid. Director of the of Constitutional Law Department of the Externado University of Colombia. Associate Judge of the Constitutional Court. 

Francisco Javier Urbina

Francisco Javier Urbina is an associate professor at the Faculty of Law of Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, where he earned his LLB summa cum laude in 2007, before obtaining an M.St. and a D.Phil. in Law from the University of Oxford. His work is in Constitutional Law, Constitutional Theory, and Human Rights, focusing specially in human rights limitations. His work has been published in journals such as the Oxford Journal of Legal Studies, the American Journal of Jurisprudence, and the Canadian Journal of Law and Jurisprudence. He is the author of A Critique of Proportionality and Balancing (Cambridge University Press 2017) and co-author of Legislated Rights: Securing Human Rights through Legislation (Cambridge University Press 2018).

María Paula Garat

María Paula Garat Constitutional Law Professor at Catholic University of Uruguay. Lawyer with degree in Law at Catholic University of Uruguay. Master`s degree in Constitutional Law (with Extraordinary Prize), University of Seville, and now finalizing a Doctor of Law (PhD) at University of Seville. Was a Professional Visitor at Inter-American Court of Human Rights. Author of several papers, chapters, researches, and a book called The proportionality principle and its empirical testing“, published in Uruguay and Spain. Her main investigation lines are constitutional interpretation, human rights effectiveness and limits, and relation between Constitutional Law with other Law areas.